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Watch our 60th Anniversary video that honours and remembers the civil rights history of people with developmental disabilities in BC. Read more about our history here.

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Community Inclusion

Month!

Stop Hurting Kids: Definitions

Definitions used in Inclusion BC and Family Support Institute's Stop Hurting Kids: Restraint and Seclusion in BC Schools report.
 
Restraint
 
The use of physical procedures by one or more individuals or mechanical devices to limit freedom of movement.
 
Example: Holding an individual in an immobile position for a time.
 
Seclusion
Placement in an isolated area for an extended time and prevention from leaving the area.
 
Example: Placing an individual in a locked room or closet, or where a person of authority blocks exiting this room. Other terms used may include:
  • isolation
  • **time out
  • alone time
  • quiet time
  • taking a break
  • sensory break
  • exclusion
  • personal office time
***not to be confused with “time-out”, which is a situation where a student is removed from access to the reinforcement for behaviour that exists in that environment.
 
It is generally accepted that brief physical intervention used to interrupt an immediate and serious danger to the child or others may be called for in the case of a safety emergency. This is different from the ongoing use of restraint as punishment or in the guise of treatment for a child’s disability or behaviour. Frequent use of emergency restraint is an indication that program revision is needed, even if the program is considered positive.